Social robotics in dementia care to promote social health: ethical issues and implementation strategies
|Ireland||National University of Ireland Galway|
Early Stage Researcher (ESR12)
Wei Qi Koh
Prof. Dympna Casey
Dr. Elaine Toomey
Wei Qi Koh has had over 5 years of clinical experience as an occupational therapist working with older adults, including persons with dementia in Singapore. She has a strong interest in research to advocate for patient-centred practice and meaningful engagement among older adults. Wei Qi Koh has received a research grant from the Singapore Association of Occupational Therapists in 2018 to work on her research project.
As part of DISTINCT, she will be carrying out a research to investigate the use of technology (social robots) to promote social health among older adults with dementia and undertake her PhD in the National University of Ireland Galway.
|Start date||October 2019|
To review existing social robotic technology use in dementia care to identify the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of social robotics in practice. To explore attitudes toward social robotic use by people with dementia aimed to promote participation in social and meaningful activities and to identify strategies to influence and change attitudes. To review existing ethical issues and concerns regarding the use of social robotics in dementia care from the perspective of relevant stakeholders, such as people with dementia, carers, robot researchers and designers, health care practitioners, with attention to the involvement of users and carers with actual robot use experience from previous robotics projects. Systematic reviews and mixed methods methodology involving qualitative interviews and a Delphi survey will be utilised.
Best practice guidelines for the successful introduction and implementation of social robotics in dementia care plus an up to date report on the state of the art in social robotic technology use in dementia care. A detailed account will describe the perceived barriers and facilitators to the design process and implementation of social robotics in dementia care settings across countries and in particular what needs to be in place to achieve positive stakeholder attitudes towards social robotics to enhance implementation success. Ethical framework and best practice guidelines to facilitate ethical design and implementation of social robotics in dementia care, based on principles of value sensitive design based on engagement with participants (health professionals, technical and design professionals, carers and users) in previous and ongoing social robotics projects in Ireland, UK and the Netherlands, as well as consultation with robot ethics and human robot interaction (HRI) experts. This will generate new knowledge regarding real world experiences of ethical issues in the implementation of care robotics for persons with dementia to inform the design and implementation process and a report on ethical concerns in practice and framework to mitigate ethical concerns regarding social robotics in dementia care to ensure the needs of carers and people with dementia are protected.
Two for 3 months each. The first in year two with VUMC to work on a qualitative content analysis on users’ experiences and perceptions of a low-cost pet robot, and to learn about the Meeting Centres Support Programme. The second in year three to explore ethical issues surrounding the use of social robots through interaction with local experts in dementia care and the interdisciplinary group.
- Koh, W. Q., Toomey, E., & Casey, D. (2021). Exploring Barriers and Facilitators to the Implementation of Pet Robots for People With Dementia in Nursing Homes: A Qualitative Research Protocol. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 20, 16094069211047059.
- Koh, W. Q., Felding, S. A., Budak, K. B., Toomey, E., & Casey, D. (2021). Barriers and facilitators to the implementation of social robots for older adults and people with dementia: a scoping review. BMC Geriatrics, 21(1), 1-17. doi: 10.1186/s12877-021-02277-9.
- Heins, P., Boots, L. M., Koh, W. Q., Neven, A., Verhey, F. R., & de Vugt, M. E. (2021). The Effects of Technological Interventions on Social Participation of Community-Dwelling Older Adults with and without Dementia: A Systematic Review. Journal of clinical medicine, 10(11), 2308. doi: 10.3390/jcm10112308.
- Koh, W. Q., Ang, F. X. H, & Casey, D. (2021). Impacts of Low-cost robotic pets for older adults and people with dementia: scoping review. JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technology, 8(1): e25340. 10.2196/25340
- Koh, W. Q., Felding, S. A., Toomey, E., & Casey, D. (2021). Barriers and facilitators to the implementation of social robots for older adults and people with dementia: a scoping review protocol. Systematic reviews, 10(1), 1-6. doi: 10.1186/s13643-021-01598-5
- Koh, W. Q., Ang, X. H. F., & Casey, D. (2021, 29 November-1 December) Recommendations for Implementing Pet Robots for People with Dementia in Nursing Homes: A Mixed Methods Study Protocol [Poster presentation]. 31st Alzheimer’s Europe Conference. Virtual, Utrecht, The Netherlands
- Felding, S.A.*, Koh, W.Q., Teupen, S., Budak, K.B., Laporte-Uribe, F. & Roes, M. (2021, 29 November-1 December). “At first, “At first, I thought it makes no sense. But then I began to like him” – Results from a scoping review on acceptance of social robots in nursing homes [Quick oral presentation]. 31st Alzheimer Europe Conference. Virtual, Utrecht, The Netherlands (*presenting author)
- Koh, W. Q., Whelan, S. A., Heins, P., Casey, D., Toomey, E., & Dröes, R. M. (2021, November 10-13). Experiences and perceptions of using a low-cost pet robot for older adults and people with dementia [Symposium]. The Gerontological Society of America’s 2021 Annual Scientific Meeting. Virtual.
- Koh, W. Q., Felding, S. A., Budak, K. B., Toomey, E., & Casey, D. (2021, July 15-16). What are the barriers and facilitators affecting the implementation of social robots for older adults and people with dementia: A scoping review [Rapid oral-poster presentation]. 4th UK Implementation Science Conference. (Best rapid oral-poster presentation)
- Koh, W.Q., Ang, F., & Casey D. (2020, October 20-22). Impacts of Robotic Cat for Older Adults and People with Dementia: A Scoping Review [Poster presentation]. 30th Alzheimer Europe Conference. Virtual, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
- Koh, W.Q., Felding, S.A., Budak, B., & Casey, D. (2020, October 20-22). Barriers and Facilitators to the Implementation of Social Robots for Older Adults & People with Dementia: A Scoping Review [Poster presentation]. 30th Alzheimer Europe Conference. Virtual, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
- Irish Farmers Journal. (2021). Social robots could address future skills shortage in care sector. 15 February 2021, Available online from: https://www.farmersjournal.ie/can-robotics-help-people-with-dementia-599689
- The Irish Times. (2021). Social robots could address future skills shortage in care sector. 21 January 2021, Available online from https://www.irishtimes.com/news/science/social-robots-could-address-future-skills-shortage-in-care-sector-1.4464148
- Koh, W. Q . ‘DISTINCT project researchers find that low-cost robots may have potential to improve the psychosocial health of people with dementia.’ Alzheimer Europe Newsletter, 2021, issue 3. Available online from https://www.alzheimer-europe.org/reports-publication/alzheimer-europe-newsletter-march-2021